Eye and Head Pain: Causes and Treatment

Headaches and eyes are usually associated with the existence of an untreated refractive problem; Myopia, farsightedness and/or astigmatism. In this article we will talk in depth about eye and head aches related to sight.

The headache and eyes is one of the most common ailments among the population, as evidenced by the sale of medicines to counteract it. In general, we think that the pain of forehead and eyes is of no importance and that it has as a cause the daily stress. In the same way, achacamos the pain of the eye to the work effort before the computer screen, to the intensive study or to the television that generate visual fatigue. While all of these factors may aggravate the eye ache, this is usually because there is some precondition.

Causes of headaches

The main causes of headaches are as follows:

  • Tension headaches: They are the most frequent and are caused by the tension of the muscles of the neck and the base of the head. The pain is usually noticeable in the part close to the muscle, although it can be reflected in other areas, such as in the temples or in the eyes. They may occur from excessive tiredness, improper position, or through a stressful period. They are usually pointy pains and are easily relieved with an analgesic medication or a massage
  • Migraine: Migraine is a disease caused by dilation of the walls of the blood vessels in the head. This ailment is hereditary and can be difficult to identify as it causes different symptoms according to the person. However, there are some common symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, and discontinuous and more intense pain on one side of the head.
  • Ear or tooth problems: this type of pain is usually different from the common headache, which helps determine the origin. The pain is stronger in the affected area, although it can be reflected in the head.
  • Sinusitis: It is an infection of the paranasal sinuses and produces intense pain around the eyes, which can lead to confusion by identifying the cause of the eye and head pain. Usually, sinusitis is also accompanied by eye pain when breathing or nasal congestion
  • Untreated or poorly corrected refractive errors: headaches related to eye problems are often seen in the eyes and forehead. Most ophthalmic problems are refractive problems. The symptoms that identify them are mainly blurred vision, but also photophobia, see halos around the foci of light or stinging in the eyes.


Being so common, the constant headache usually does not lead to the consultation of the ophthalmologist. However, if the pains extend over time, it is advisable to go to the consultation. If the headache also affects the eyes, your family doctor will recommend you go to the ophthalmologist, as the most frequent cause of this type of pain is a refractive defect.

The ophthalmologist is trained to detect and diagnose a problem of this type, being able to differentiate between refractive causes, such as myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism or presbyopia, or other causes.

In this video you can get more information about headache and eye:


If the eye and head pain is due to a refractive problem, the correction of this problem by means of glasses, lenses or refractive surgery will make it disappear.

Many people are not aware that they suffer from a refractive problem and that they have a bad degree-a bad graduation can cause more visual problems than the lack of correction.

Who can suffer from vision-related migraines?

  • People over 40 or 45 years old who begin to suffer from the symptoms of presbyopia or tired eyesight.
  • A patient who performs a visual effort for many hours (reading, working with the computer…), and who suffer from eye fatigue, especially if they are farsighted.
  • People who need glasses and do not wear them or wear glasses or lenses that are badly graduated. In this case, symptoms usually improve after the use of glasses with a proper graduation, because the cause of the problem is eliminated.
  • Finally, a vision-related type of eye and head pain should also be taken into account and has its origin in acute glaucoma. This type of glaucoma is due to a sudden rise in the intraocular tension that causes a very intense pain around the eye’s orbit. This symptom is also accompanied by nausea, vomiting, red eye, and blurred vision. In this case, the patient should go immediately to the ophthalmologist’s office, as acute glaucoma requires urgent medical attention.

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